26/01/2006

Faut-il être crétin pour être pieux ?

Un lecteur affirme avoir fait l'expérience du désintérêt des pratiquants du Vajrayana pour les questions historiques.

 

Voici que qu'a dit Nyoshul Khenpo (1931-1999) - peut-être le plus grand maître dzogchen qui enseigna en Occident - sur l'importance de la connaissance historique :


"If we fail to understand this kind of historical background, then what we find these days is that there are many people who don't comprehend the roots of these teachings at all. They may, for example, have studied only one teaching, like the [dzogchen] instruction manual Yéshé Lama, and they conclude, "Well, Yéshé Lama is Dzogchen". Yes, Yéshé Lama certainly is Dzogchen, but it is only one of many. [...] What we need ask ourselves is, what has happened in the meantime [entre les débuts historiques du Dzogchen et le Yéshé Lama] ? Since the first appearance of these teachings, millenia ago, what kind of practice has been done, what kind of transmission has taken place - where has Dzogchen "been" in all that time between its beginning and the writing of Yéshé Lama ? But if you ask people nowadays, many of them will say, "Well I don't know. Other than Yéshé Lama, I don't konw anything. That's all I know. That's Dzogchen". Things have reached such a pass.

It is almost as if we were childern who had lost their mother. Or, to take another example, imagine we have an exquisite vase made of gold, encrusted with gems, and to the handle of this vase we attach a string that goes to another vase, made of clay. From that clay vase, another string is attached that goes to yet another vase, and so on, until we have five, six, seven, eight vases down the line. At a certain point, the person who holds the last one in the succession may have no idea where the original golden vase is. That person has forgotten it or doesn't know how to find it, simply thnking, "Well, I've got this vase that I'm holding in my hands; there's nothing other than this". In order to avoid such a predicament, we need to understand vererything that has gone before. But if you ask people today, "Tell me, is this a tantra ? Is it an explanatory commentary, an âgama ? Or is it a pith instruction, an upadesha ?" they simply do not know what to say. They just blurt on something vague like, "Well, I just take teachings on mind. I get mind teachings... mind teachings ..." They repeat this over and over again, but they do not have the faintes idea of what is constituted by the entirety of Dzogchen." 

(tiré de : Nyoshul Khenpo, A marvellous Garland Of Rare Gems, p. xxxi, Padma Publishing, 2005).


Bien peu d'adeptes du Dzogchen s'intéressent à son histoire, c'est-à-dire aux enseignements "transmis oralement" (kama). Tout le monde semble n'avoir d'oreilles que pour les enseignements "redécouverts" (terma), à l'exception de lamas comme Namkhai Norbu ou Alak Zenkar. Si  vous vous sentez concerné par le devenir du Dzogchen, vous pouvez certes demeurer dans la Nature de l'esprit, mais vous pourriez également lire le livre ci-dessus, sur l'histoire du Dzgochen justement, ou bien la thèse de son disciple Stéphane Arguillère, qui devrait paraître bientôt.

12:49 Écrit par David Dubois dans Dzogchen | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : dzogchen, nyoshul khenpo, nyingthig |  Facebook |

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